Patan Durbar Square & Boudhanath Stupa are among the seven cultural UNESCO World Heritage Sites situated in the valley. These two monuments are the living cultural prides of the country.
The colossal and ancient stupa Boudhanath, built by Licchavi King Man Dev in the 5th century A. D. , is regarded as one of the world’s biggest stupa and has been built on a stepped octagonal base decorated with alcoves representing Buddha and his teachings. The stupa is surrounded by various temples or 'gompas' and filled with fragrance of incense and chanting of monks. It is one of the prime Buddhist pilgrimage site in the country.
One of the valley’s three medieval kingdoms, Patan is also known as Lalitpur or the “City of Artisans’. Locals living in Patan also refer to the ancient city as Yala. History has it that Patan was founded in the 3rd century by the Kirat dynasty and later was modeled into perfection by Lichhavis in the sixth century followed by Malla dynasty. This city presents a potpourri of finest traditional crafts and rich artistic heritage. Patan Durbar Square, Mahaboudha Temple, Kumbeshwor temple, Krishna Temple, Golden Temple or Hiranya Varna Mahavihar, Mulchowk, Jagat Narayan Temple, Big Bell, Pillar of Yognarendra Malla, Hari Shanker temple, Vishwanath temple, Bhimsen temple, Marga Hiti, Mani Mandap, Café Pagoda, Rato Machhendra Temple, Minnath, Rudra Varna Mahavihar etc are the major attractions of Patan.
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